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Open Access | Published: 2017 - Issue 0 supplementary

Assessing Life Satisfaction and Its Relation with Social Support in Patients with Burning Referring to Velayat Sub-Speciality Burn and Plastic Surgery Center in Rasht City During 2017 Download PDF


Zeynab Haghdoost1, Abdolhosein Emami Sigaroudi2, Mohammad Taghi Moghadamnia3, Ehsan Kazemnezhad Leyli4
Abstract

Introduction: Burning is considered as the most destructive damage in human society. Burning affect the quality of life and life satisfaction. Studying life satisfaction is very important because of its close relationship with physical and mental health. Social support increases the chance of one's growth and prosperity by creating hope and satisfaction, and reduces anxiety. Aim:Considering the high prevalence of burning in Iran and the presence of challenges in the treatment and rehabilitation of these patients; the purpose of this study is appointment life satisfaction and its relation with social support in patients with burning referring to Velayat Sub-Speciality burn and Plastic surgery center in Rasht. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical type of cross-sectional study, 379 patients with burns were included into study using convenient sampling method. Socio-demographic data related to disease and treatment questionnaire, Norbeck social support questionnaire, and Dyner's satisfaction with life questionnaire were used to collect data after examining their validity and reliability. The researcher completed the questionnaires through interviewing with eligible patients. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics. The significance level was considered as P <0.05. Results: The results of this study showed that most of the subjects (64.1%) were male and the mean and standard deviation of these patients was 35.81 ± 26.11 years with a range of 18-34 years old. The most common causes of burns were thermal burns (89.2%) and most involved organ was hand (79.7%). The results also showed that life satisfaction had a direct and significant correlation with emotional support (P<0.0001 ، r=0.232) and material support (P<0.0001 ، r=0.334) and frequency of contact (P=0.011، r=0.113), while other social support areas number of network members (P=0.004 ، r=-0.148), duration of communication (P= 0.103 ، r=-0.103), number of deleted communications (P= 0.103 ، r=-0.103), and level of lost support (P = 0.022 ، r=-0.118) showed inverse and significant correlation. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that social support in dimensions of material, emotional and contact frequency increased the life satisfaction of patients with burns, while other dimensions of social support reduced the satisfaction of life in these patients. In addition to support of these patients in various dimensions, other psychological needs and factors affecting their life satisfaction should be considered. Moreover, consulting and educational classes and programs should be held for patients and their families in order to develop communication skills and the ways of solving the problem and cope with stress should be enhanced in these people.
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