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Open Access | Published: 2021 - Issue 1

Emergency Therapeutic Hypothermia Following Cardiac Arrest; Literature Review Download PDF


Osama Adel Marta, Hassan Ali Alyousef, Walid Tawfig Osman, Abdullatif Mohammed Alabdullatif, Dana Sulaiman Alsayyari, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Alhonaizil, Doaa Abdulaziz Aljohani, Murtadha Hussain Ali Alameer, Abdullah Ali Alstrawi, Alhanouf Ibrahim Alzanitan, Sultan Ibrahim Abu Tayli
Abstract

Sudden cardiac death represents a significant global health issue. Despite advanced resuscitation procedures, post-cardiac arrest consequences, especially neurological outcomes, remain a health burden. Several methods were conducted to improve survival rate and prevent post-arrest neurological outcomes, including therapeutic hypothermia. This narrative review aims to assess the latest update on therapeutic hypothermia effect in post-cardiac arrest syndrome, either out-of-hospital arrest or inside-hospital arrest. We tried to summarize the impact of therapeutic hypothermia in both shockable and non-shockable rhythms.  A 20 references were searched in the PubMed database using relevant Mesh words: Therapeutic hypothermia, Cardiac arrest, Resuscitation, post-cardiac arrest syndrome.  Therapeutic hypothermia with targeted temperature measurement (32° to 36°C) has beneficial effects in post-cardiac arrest patients. The better outcomes were reported in patients with shockable rhythm upon presentation and/or out-of-hospital arrest. The other non-shockable rhythm and in-side hospital arrest conditions require further clinical trials to establish therapeutic hypothermia efficacy and safety among these groups. Overall, therapeutic hypothermia provides a safe profile with controllable side effects in the intensive care setting.

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Vancouver
Marta O A, Alyousef H A, Osman W T, Alabdullatif A M, Alsayyari D S, Alhonaizil A I, et al. Emergency Therapeutic Hypothermia Following Cardiac Arrest; Literature Review. Pharmacophore. 2021;12(1):97-101. https://doi.org/10.51847/Bzq7DvQYfa
APA
Marta, O. A., Alyousef, H. A., Osman, W. T., Alabdullatif, A. M., Alsayyari, D. S., Alhonaizil, A. I., & et al (2021). Emergency Therapeutic Hypothermia Following Cardiac Arrest; Literature Review. Pharmacophore, 12(1),97-101. https://doi.org/10.51847/Bzq7DvQYfa

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