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Open Access | Published: 2022 - Issue 3

Formulation and Evaluation of Herbal Sunscreens: An Assessment Towards Skin Protection from Ultraviolet Radiation Download PDF


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Abstract

Sunscreen lotion is a sort of product that protects against the sun's harmful rays by containing ultraviolet radiation (UV rays), which is divided into two types: ultraviolet radiation A (UVA) and ultraviolet radiation B (UVB). The incorporation of herbal materials into sunscreen is one of the most effective and natural ways to protect against the sun, as measured by the sun protection factor (SPF), as well as the detrimental side effects of toxic chemicals. The present study aimed to develop herbal sunscreens containing turmeric (strong antiseptic property which protects skin from bacteria caused by excess sweat), coconut oil (used as a sun-block agent and helps to protect skin from sun damage), aloe vera (give a cooling effect to the skin and work as skin barrier), lemon (used to protect skin for sunburn) which will be effective for skin and protect skin against harmful sun rays, sunburn, and skin cancer. Prepared herbal sunscreens were evaluated for physicochemical characteristics, SPF, thermal stability, antioxidant activity, in vitro mutagenicity, and stability. Results showed that the F5 and F6 herbal sunscreens were of good consistency and viscosity with excellent antioxidant, non-mutagenic, nonirritant, stability activity and possessed 33.50 SPF for normal skin. In comparison to F1 through F4, formulations with a coconut oil base and carrot seed extract (F5 and F6) were shown to be stable and effective, with a high SPF.

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Vancouver
Tiwari R, Singh I, Gupta M, Singh LP, Tiwari G. Formulation and Evaluation of Herbal Sunscreens: An Assessment Towards Skin Protection from Ultraviolet Radiation. Pharmacophore. 2022;13(3):41-9. https://doi.org/10.51847/svzLRFMP5F
APA
Tiwari, R., Singh, I., Gupta, M., Singh, L. P., & Tiwari, G. (2022). Formulation and Evaluation of Herbal Sunscreens: An Assessment Towards Skin Protection from Ultraviolet Radiation. Pharmacophore, 13(3), 41-49. https://doi.org/10.51847/svzLRFMP5F

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