Preeclampsia is a medical condition related to pregnancy in women. It is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally in the maternal side of health. The condition is dangerous and is mainly caused by high blood pressure during pregnancy. In this paper, we study preeclampsia, the disease's pathogenesis process, and how the disease can be dealt with in a better way now than how it could have been dealt with before. This paper uses two conducted studies on preeclampsia. The first study is conducted by Fondjo and his team in 2019 about preeclampsia and its associated factors in pregnant women, and the results are to be tried if they can be a possible link to reduce the outcomes of the disease. The next study is one that He and his team conduct and their study try to summarize the common structural changes in the fundus in preeclampsia patients, and their study includes changes in the blood vessels, choroid, and the retina, and they also try to apply quantitative observation for chorioretinal alterations. Preeclampsia is sometimes associated with no symptoms during pregnancy, and sometimes the effects may be seen after the pregnancy. There grows a need to deal with the issue as it affects women and children in different ways.