Salacia chinensis Linn. (Family Celastraceae) commonly known as Saptrangi and commonly used herb in Ayurvedic medicine. The present review is an attempt to compile information on pharmacological and phytochemical aspects of Salacia chinensis Linn. Its roots biologically active compounds such as triterpenes, phenolic compounds, glycosides and coloring agents which show various medicinal properties. The root extract shows various activities like, antioxidant, anticaries, antiulcer, antidiabetic, hypoglycemic, antiobesity and skin lightening agent. This review will help reader with detail understanding of Salacia root's properties.