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Open Access | Published: 2017 - Issue 0 supplementary

The Impact of Educational Program on the Anxiety and Self-Efficacy in Mothers of the Children Under Glaucoma Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial Download PDF

Azadeh Amiri1, Mitra Edraki2*, Maryam Paran3, SeyyedeFatemeh Sajjadi4

Background:Surgery is considered as a stressful experience for children and their parents. When parents, especially mothers, are in such a difficult situation, they expericence anxiety and feelings of inadequacy, and cannot provide adequate protection and care for their child. Aim:This study was conducted with the aim of determining the effect of educational programon the anxiety and self-efficacy of the mothers of children undergoing glaucoma surgery. Method:This randomized clinical trial was conducted on60 mothers of children undergoing glaucoma surgeryin eye surgery unit of Khalili hospital, Shiraz.TheMotherswho met the inclusion criteria, were randomly assigned into experimental(n=30) and control groups(n=30). Two training sessions were held for the experimental group after glaucoma surgery.The control group received routine care. Anxiety and self-efficacy of mothers were measured usingSpielbergerState-Trait Inventory and Sherer's self-efficacy questionnaire in three periods: before the intervention on the child's admission, immediately after the intervention and two months after the intervention in both experimental and control groups. The data were analyzed by SPSS 18, using Chi-square, Fisher’s exact, independent t-test and repeated measurements. Results:The results indicateda significant decrease in the mean trait anxiety (P <0.001) and state anxiety (P <0.001) and a significant increase in the mean self-efficacy of mothers (P <0.001) during the three studied periods in the intervention group.Furthermorethe mean difference of state anxiety, trait anxiety and self-efficacy between the two groups was significant before, immediately after and 2 months after the intervention. Implications for Practice:Presentinganeducational programto the mothers of children undergoing glaucoma surgery is effective in reducing their anxiety and increasing their self-efficacy.
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ISSN: 2229-5402

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