Background and Objective: Cardiovascular diseases are among the most common diseases around the world and the leading cause of death in Iran. In addition, it is regarded as one of the most preventable non-communicable diseases in humans. The main objective of this research was epidemiological investigation of cardiovascular disease in patients admitted to Emergency Unit of Khatamol Anbia Hospital in Zahedan city.
Methodology: this is a descriptive and retrospective research, in which the medical file of 1512 patients with a primary diagnosis of cardiovascular disease was examined in two-year period since 2013 to 2015. The data were extracted from the medical files using two-part checklist. The first part included demographic information and the second part of the information was related to risk factors and hospitalization duration. Findings were analyzed by using SPSS software.
Findings: research findings revealed that the mean age of the patients (622 females and 890 males) was 56.17 ± 13.81.
Conclusion: by controlling the risk factors such as hypertension, smoking, high level of blood cholesterol, and high weight, cardiovascular disease can be greatly prevented.