Archive \ Volume.9 2018 Issue 6

The Relationship Between Kinematic and Anthropometric Variables of Three-Point Jump Shot from Two Different Zones and The Angle of the Ball’s Entry into The Basket of the National Male Basketball Players of Iran

Hassan Nikkhah Gorshahri , Mahdi Arab Khazaeli
Abstract

Three-point jump shot is the most important way to gain points and taking the lead for teams in basketball games. Therefore, factors influencing its success have always got the researchers' attention. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between kinematic parameters of three-point jump shots from two different zones and the angle of the ball’s entry into the basket in National male basketball players of Iran. Thirty right-handed basketball players who were all excellent three-point shooters from Iran’s national teams were chosen (age: 23.63+2.3 years). All 30 players were chosen using the availability sampling method and were distributed to Participants have made three three-point jump shots from the two zones of “in front of the hoop” and “the side of the hoop” (from distances of 6.75 and 6.6 meters), and kinematic and anthropometric data from the players were collected and processed by two cameras and caliper and meters. To determine the relationship between kinematic and anthropometric data with the angle of the ball’s entry into the basket, the Pearson’s correlation coefficient and the multivariate linear regression at the “α = 0.01” level was used. Furthermore, t-test was used to investigate the relationship between the means of the variables between the two areas, using SPSS software at the level of (p=0.01). All three kinematic variables of height, speed, and angle of release from both zones showed a significantly positive relationship with the angle of the ball’s entry into the basket, of which the “height of release” indicated more influence than the other two variables. Also, there was a significantly positive relationship between anthropometric variables of shoulders widths, arm length, and player height, and the angle of the ball’s entry into the hoop. In this regard, the arm length and player height played a more significant role. Results showed the variables of height, speed, and the ball’s angle of release, and also, shoulders widths, arm length, and player height have a positive relationship with the ball’s entry into the basket.


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