Abstract: This is a retrospective study recording the latest pediatric investigations and reviews in 2018. The aim was to review the newly updated investigations in pediatrics collected in the period from 2018 to the present time in (KSA) andto determine the impact of pediatric research on children's health in Saudi Arabia in 2018;examining the effect of pediatric research, higher know- that have led to changes in the volume of pediatric research, and finally, highlighting the feasibility of ground-breaking techniques developed through research.This is a descriptive study of different researches in various pediatric aspects such as pediatric trauma, stroke, congenital heart disease, emergency care, pulmonology, nephrology, psychology, dental care, diabetes, nursing care, and other relevant fields highlighting the achievements of Saudi research conducted over the past years. Research done in a specialty other than pediatric specialties. The research was conducted more than five years ago. The research was not conducted in or about Saudi Arabia. Conclusion There is a dearth of meticulously conducted research in Saudi Arabia especially in infants and young children. Considering the increasing prevalence of disease in Saudi Arabia, especially in infants and young children, the research interventions need to be significantly improved. GCC countries overall have to develop the research.